Guidelines for climate-oriented municipalities in Bavaria Recommendations for action from the project 'Climate Protection and Green Infrastructure in the City' at the Centre for Urban Nature and Climate Adaptation

Leitfaden für klimaorientierte Kommunen in Bayern © 2017 Teilprojekt 1: Klimaschutz und grüne Infrastruktur in der Stadt Zentrum Stadtnatur und Klimaanpassung

Leitfaden für klimaorientierte Kommunen in Bayern © 2017 Teilprojekt 1: Klimaschutz und grüne Infrastruktur in der Stadt Zentrum Stadtnatur und Klimaanpassung

Cities are particularly affected by the impacts of climate change due to densification, sealing and displacement of vegetation. By including green infrastructure in the planning of the sustainable and climate-resilient city of the future, the ecosystem services of urban nature can be used in a targeted manner for both climate adaptation and the protection of animals and plants in the city. For urban areas, it is also important to develop integrated strategies for climate protection and climate adaptation. On behalf of the Bavarian State Ministry for the Environment and Consumer Protection and in cooperation with municipalities in Bavaria, researchers from the Centre for Urban Nature and Climate Adaptation have produced a "Guide for Climate-Oriented Municipalities in Bavaria". The aim was to develop integrated climate protection and climate adaptation measures for Bavarian cities.

Based on building simulation and modelling of regulating ecosystem services of green infrastructure, socio-economic studies, expert interviews, workshops with municipalities and designs, the potentials of different greening measures were investigated quantitatively and qualitatively. The guide focuses on three classic settlement types in a Bavarian city - block development, row development and historic city centre. Scientifically based suggestions for measures are made with regard to climate protection through energy efficiency, climate adaptation through green infrastructure, effects on biodiversity and quality of life, as well as implementation possibilities and recommendations for measures. The guide provides an overview of the feasibility of this integrated type of planning, together with legal requirements for practical implementation. The recommendations of the guide are transferable to cities in other German states with comparable settlement types.

The results show examples of how the challenges of climate change can be met even in densely built-up urban quarters by incorporating green infrastructure. However, climate-resilient cities must not only become greener, e.g. with green facades and roofs or through additional planting of new trees, but should also develop and implement comprehensive, closely coordinated strategies and measures for climate protection and adaptation at an early stage.

Read more +

Prof. Dr. Stephan Pauleit
Prof. Dr. Werner Lang
Julia Brasche
Georg Hausladen
Dr. Johannes Maderspacher
Rupert Schelle
Dr. Teresa Zölch

Lehrstuhl für energieeffizientes und nachhaltiges Planen und Bauen, Technische Universität München
Lehrstuhl für Strategie und Management der Landschaftsentwicklung, Technische Universität München

Project period
2013 - 2017

Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Umwelt und Verbraucherschutz
Rosenkavalierplatz 2
81925 München

Technische Universität München, Arcisstr. 21
80333 München

Project type
Research projects